How Hackers Hack Passwords? – Fully Explained

How Hackers Hack Passwords?

Passwords are the primary means of authentication for online accounts. Unfortunately, they are also one of the weakest links in online security. Hackers can use a variety of techniques to crack passwords and gain unauthorized access to accounts. In this article, we’ll explore the most common methods used by hackers to hack passwords.

Social engineering

One of the simplest ways for a hacker to get someone’s password is to ask for it. Social engineering involves tricking the user into divulging their password willingly. This can be done through phishing emails, phone calls, or even in person. A hacker may pose as a legitimate authority figure, such as an IT technician or a bank representative, and request the user’s password for “security purposes.”

Brute force attacks

Brute force attacks involve guessing every possible combination of characters until the correct password is found. This method is time-consuming but effective, especially for weak passwords. Hackers can use software programs that automate the guessing process, such as John the Ripper or Aircrack-ng.

Dictionary attacks

A dictionary attack is similar to a brute force attack but instead of guessing every possible combination of characters, it uses a pre-generated list of common passwords and words. This method is more efficient than brute force and can crack simple passwords easily. Hackers can use online resources like RockYou or Cain and Abel to obtain word lists.


Keylogging involves installing malware on a user’s computer that records every keystroke made. This includes passwords entered into websites or applications. Once the hacker has obtained the recorded keystrokes, they can extract the passwords and use them to gain access to the user’s account.


Phishing attacks involve creating a fake website or email that mimics a legitimate one. The user is tricked into entering their password into the fake website or email, and the hacker obtains the password. Phishing attacks are often used to target banking or financial institutions.

Rainbow table attacks

Rainbow table attacks involve the use of precomputed tables that match encrypted passwords to their corresponding plaintext value. This method is more efficient than brute force or dictionary attacks, and it can crack many simple passwords easily. Hackers can use software programs like Ophcrack to obtain rainbow tables.

In conclusion, hackers use a variety of techniques to crack passwords, and it’s important to take steps to protect yourself. Use strong, unique passwords for each account, enable two-factor authentication, and be cautious of suspicious emails or websites. By following these precautions, you can reduce the risk of your accounts being compromised.

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